Commonly, geological features cannot be measured continuously over large areas, so other forms of evidence are employed to infer the delineation of large or hidden features. Surface geological features may be traceable in bedrock outcroppings (ground surveys), from air photographs (photogeological reconnaissance) and/or from satellite images. Subsurface geological features may be traceable in boreholes using cores, cuttings and/or geophysical logs. Geophysical surveys (measuring the magnetic, gravitational, or seismic properties) provide information that helps delineate geological features in the subsurface.
A Geographic Information System (GIS) is an efficient way to manage, analyse and display spatial data. Data from a variety of different sources can be rapidly computer-overlaid for viewing and analysis.
[links: images: LANDSAT image gallery, Geology - Oman; Seafloor Mapping, Bahia, Brazil; websites: Geological Map of Canada : Structural Geology (animations) : Geologic Maps from USGS National Park Service : Geological Maps, UWisc : USGS National Geologic Map Database : USGS Geology in the Parks : Animations : Plate Tectonics : Rocks & Minerals : Geologic Time : Glossary : Geomorphic Provinces : Sand Dunes : Caves : Glaciers : Coasts : NPS Park Geology Tour home]